Turkish rugs usually refer to flat, woven carpets that come in a variety of colors and styles. Traditionally, they are woven from wool onto wool piles or wefts and often served as floor coverings or as prayer rugs. Most Turkish rugs feature intricate designs that reflect various symbols and motifs along with mythic, religious, or literary scenes. Different types of rugs exist, each classified according to standards that include design and the textile fiber used. The techniques employed during the rug’s construction also distinguish them. Rugs that originate from Turkey are mostly hand-woven, almost always by women. The materials used to construct the rugs are wool, cotton, and silk. Wool is the most popular and least expensive option as it is more widely available in Turkey than cotton and silk. The use of wool in Turkish rugs dates back farther in Turkish history than cotton or silk, and some believe that wool rugs are the most authentic.
The availability of cotton is limited and it is more expensive. The weaver, however, is able to achieve a greater level of detail with cotton. It is usually interwoven with a wool base. The fine cotton threads increase the knot count and the amount of work required by the weavers. Cotton Turkish rugs can depict more elaborate designs, though some display simple geometric symbols or patterns.