Renaissance interior design refers to interior decorations, furnishing and the decorative arts in Italy during the Renaissance period. The Renaissance interior design was inspired by the art and architecture of ancient Rome. It originated in Italy in the 14th century and gradually spread across the whole of Europe. The new styles of decoration came to England in the 16th century. Engraved books of Renaissance motifs provided an important source for English designers. Foreign artists and artisans working in London were also influential in introducing the style. During the Renaissance, home builders relied on designs from ancient Greece and Rome. In this sense, symmetry and geometry were the prevailing guiding principles in construction. Interior designs were rich in color and detail. Large aesthetically pleasing paintings were hanging off the walls. In some cases, entire walls were turned into beautiful form of art.
Interesting part of Renaissance interior design was the creation or sculpting of odd-looking gargoyles and monsters. Despite popular belief, these figures did not have a religious meaning, such as to keep bad spirits or the devil away. Interestingly enough, these sculptures were made to amuse. Another intriguing fact of this particular time period is that chairs symbolized wealth. The wealthiest families in Italy, and later on everywhere else in Europe, had them made very grand and sumptuous. The less fortunate could only afford three-legged stools made of plain wood.