The term “backyard aquaponics” describes a method of gardening in which fish and plants are intentionally placed in a symbiotic relationship with each other in a residential setting. Backyard aquaponics systems are essentially means of growing self-sustaining plants and fish by using the plants as water filters and the fish as nutrient providers. Backyard aquaponics systems are generally set up in greenhouses where the temperature can be regulated, but they can be integrated into backyard decor in more temperate climates. Backyard aquaponics provides many benefits when compared to traditional ways of farming both fish and plants. The biggest benefit for home use is that it removes all chemicals and fertilizers from the process of growing plants. The fish waste acts a kind of natural fertilizer. This means that the food produced in this manner is wholly organic. Another benefit is that it saves water. Instead of spraying water onto a garden, it is recycled in the tank. Finally, these aquaponics systems can be built and set up anywhere. Building them in a backyard will require a bit of effort, but it can be done. Both of these benefits have the bonus of reducing costs.
Many kinds of plants also thrive in this environment. In backyard aquaponics, almost any type of plant can be grown. It’s even possible to grow attractive and delicious tropical plants, such as banana trees & papaya. You should steer clear of plants that do best in acidic or soil based media. Also, plants that need a high or low pH level to be sustained are not good choices for a backyard aquaponic system.